Last updated on November 1st 2020
How can I protect myself and others?
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then immediately throw the tissue in the garbage and wash your hands. If you don’t have a tissue, sneeze or cough into your sleeve or arm.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
2. Wearing a mask
- Wearing a mask protects you and those around you from contracting COVID-19.
- It is recommended to wear a mask when in indoor and some outdoor public places.
- Wearing a mask does not replace the need for following proper hand hygiene and social distancing rules!
- Face shields do not offer the same level of protection as a mask does.
- Types of masks:
- Disposable: recommended to discard after single use.
- Medical: mostly used in high risk settings and should not be used routinely.
It’s important to remember that masks are only effective if used with proper sanitation practices and if worn properly! Disposable face masks can only be used once (do not wear it again after taking it off). Before wearing the mask, wash your hands with soap and water or use a hand sanitizer. Take mask by the straps and orient it so the colored side faces outward and the metal strip part is at the top. Place the mask to your face and the straps over your ears. Then, pinch the metal strip to the bridge of your nose and pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and chin. When taking your mask off, remove the straps from your ears and make sure that the front of the mask does not touch you or your clothes. After disposing of the mask, wash your hands with soap and water or use hand sanitizer.
A video example of how to use a surgical mask properly can be found here:
Why is it important?
What does it involve?
- Staying home if you feel ill
- Avoiding shaking hands with others.
- Avoiding close contact with people who are ill (stay 2 metres away at minimum)
- Avoiding visiting hospitals and long-term care facilities
- Avoiding having visitors at home as much as possible
- For visitors coming into the home, asking them to stay 2 metres away and wash their hands
- Opting for delivery options and have items dropped off outside
- Placing a signage outside your door (example below) to alert others and protect yourself:
Flattening the Curve
What does it mean?
- Ontario [Online]. Covid-19 (coronavirus) in Ontario. [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- World Health Organization [Online]. Coronavirus disease Q&A. October 12, 2020 [cited January 1, 2022]. Available from: [link]
- Ontario [Online]. Covid-19 self-assessment. December 22, 2020 [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- Public Health Agency of Canada [Online]. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Prevention and risks. Available from: [link]
- College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario [Online]. COVID-19 FAQs for patients. October 2020 [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- Toronto Public Health [Online]. Covid-19. December 30, 2020 [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- Centre for Addiction and Mental Health [Online]. Mental health and the COVID-19 pandemic. July 23, 2020 [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- Public Health Ontario [Online]. When and how to wear a mask. [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]
- Public Health Ontario [Online]. How to wash your hands. [cited Jan 1, 2021]. Available from: [link]